Why income tax credit?

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) helps low- to moderate-income workers and families get a tax break. If you qualify, you can use the credit to lower the taxes you owe and, perhaps, increase your refund. The earned income tax credit (EITC) is a work credit that can give you back money when it comes to paying taxes or lower the federal taxes you owe. The main requirement is that you must earn money with a job.

A tax credit is a dollar-for-dollar reduction in the income tax you owe. If you have a low or moderate income, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) can help you reduce the amount of taxes you owe. To qualify, you must meet certain requirements and file a tax return. Even if you don't owe any taxes or are not required to do so, you still need to file a return to be eligible.

If the EITC lowers your taxes to less than zero, you may receive a refund. You may not have to submit these documents with your tax returns, but it's good to keep them together with your other tax records. Some credits, such as the earned income credit, are refundable, meaning that you continue to receive the full amount of the credit, even if the credit exceeds your entire tax bill. The EITC error rate exceeds the average error rate for income tax as a whole, which is approximately 15 percent.

Liebman, The Impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit on Incentives and Income Distribution, included in Tax Policy and the Economy, National Bureau of Economic Research, edited by James M. If net income losses due to income tax errors and fraud are at the same dollar level today as in 1992, then losses due to erroneous EITC payments using the 20.7 percent figure in the IRS report and current EITC cost levels constitute less than five percent of these Losses. Cost estimates issued by the Joint Committee on Taxation Taxation, the official head of Congress, showed that approximately 95 percent of the big savings of the EITC in the 1995 budget reconciliation bill came from cuts in EITC benefits, which would have mainly affected to low-income working families who completed their tax returns with accuracy, not error-reduction measures. The earned income tax credit was established in 1975 to offset the adverse effects of Social Security and Medicare payroll taxes on poor working families and to strengthen work incentives by increasing pay for low-paying jobs.

For example, the Internal Revenue Service reported that between 29 and 30 percent of corporate revenues are not reported on tax returns. There has been no mention of reducing errors elsewhere in the tax code, such as errors and abuses in tax credits for companies or for people with higher income levels. Deductions only reduce the amount of your income that is taxable, while credits directly reduce your total tax. The measures, summarized in the Appendix and described in more detail in an analysis by the Center, The Earned Income Tax Credit and Error Rates, promise to significantly reduce EITC errors in the coming years.

State earned income tax credits provide an additional benefit to the federal credit for low-income taxpayers by reducing their state income tax liability. This effect does not appear in the official Census Bureau poverty figures because those figures do not subtract income and payroll taxes from household income, nor do they count the EITC as part of household income. The study found that the error rate among working families who have an income that is too low to have a pre-EITC tax liability (and, as a result, receive their full EITC payment in the form of a refund check) was only one-third higher than the error rate among families who did have an obligation Income tax before the EITC. Applies.

Several states have established state earned income tax credits in recent years with bipartisan support, and the EITC has received praise from some of the leading conservative thinkers, as well as liberals and moderates. .